Tag Archives: New York

Photography The Key Concepts

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Davis Bate, Photography, The Key Concepts, (2009) London, New Delhi, New York, Sydney, Bloomsbury, ISBN:978-1-84520-667-3.

Divided into eight chapters / subjects: History, Photographic Theory, Documentary and Storytelling, Looking at Portraits, In the Landscape, The Rhetoric of Still Life, Art Photography, Global Photography.

This is a very good book to refer back to as it contains lots of  brief explanations to subjects that keep cropping up through out my degree course such as photographic theory such as aesthetics, representation, structuralism, semiotics, etc.

Each chapter / subject can be read separately depending on which photographic genre you are working with such as portrait or landscape and some subjects will complement them all such as History and Theory.

Research point – One in 8 Million, The New York Times

One in 8 Million is an interesting online photo project in which a diverse range of people living in New York city talk about themselves with a slide show of still and black and white photographs that play-out in time with the audio narration.  The pictures have been photographed to compliment the transcript and are a good example of how the theory of relay and on occasion anchoring is used with the audio.  A very interesting social documentary on the diversity of New Yorkers.  The interviews reflect what the individuals personality and identity from a woman into sexual bondage to a reformed drugs dealer, An immigrant from Nepal who is a baggage handler at JFK to a Blue Chip Broker and everyone in between a total of 54 different subjects all with there own story and collection of photos, that runs for two and a half minutes each.  Very interesting and entertaining.  Martin Parr, comments that in order to make interesting social documentaries he makes the entertaining to disguise the intended social message.

Research point – Walker Evans

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Walker Evans whilst in association with Helen Levitt.  Hidden camera view of passengers on subway train, 1939.

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Walker Evans (1903 – 1975)

Evans was born in St. Louis, Missouri, to a fairly well off middle class family, his father was an advertising director.  He spent his youth in Toledo, Chicago and New York City.  He studied French literature at Williams College but dropped out and went to Paris for a year (1926).  When he returned to New York he took a job as a clerk for a stockbroker firm and got to know the literary and art crowd in New York becoming friends with John Cheever, Hart Crane and Lincoln Kirstein.  It was in this period he took up photography and his influences included Eugene Atget and August Sander.

In 1930 he first got published with three photographs in a poetry book ‘The Bridge’ (Brooklyn Bridge) by Hart Crane and was sponsored by Lincoln Kirstein to take a series of photos of Victorian houses in Boston.

In 1933 Evans visited Cuba on assignment to take photographs for Lippincott for the publication -The Crime of Cuba’ (1933) by Carleton Beals.   During his stay he became friends with Ernest Hemingway who lent him money to stay on in Cuba an extra week and kept and hid 27 of Evans’ photographs that Evans thought might be confiscated off him when he left the country.  These photographs have only recently been discovered in Cuba and displayed.

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In 1935 Evans spent a two month fixed term photographic campaign with the Resettlement Administration (RA) in West Virginia and Pennsylvania.  In 1936 Evans joined the Farmers Security Administration (FSA) for the Southern USA.  In the summer of 1936, Evans and James Agee where sent to Hale County, Alabama by Fortune magazine to cover a story that was never used.  Evans and Agee got to know three white tenant families and their stories and photographs were later used and published in a ground breaking book ‘Let Us Know Praise Famous Men’ published in 1941.  However, when Fortune did a follow up story 75 years later it was learned that the families had and were still very angry that they had not been given so much as a copy of the book and that they had been represented as being unable to do no better for themselves and doomed to be ignorant.

1945 – 1965 Evans was Editor for Fortune magazine and in 1965 he became a professor of photography at Yale University School of Art. In 1973 – 1974 he shot a long series using the then new Polaroid SX-70.

Research point – Helen Levitt

 

Helen Levitt (1913 – 2009)

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Helen Levitt - Two kids dancing, ca_ 1940

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Levitt grew up in Brooklyn N.Y. she dropped out of school and went to work for a commercial photographer and she taught her self photography.  She became interested in the children’s chalk drawings that the children made on the pavements and walls and using her Leica camera began photographing the drawings and the children.  These images were eventualy published in a book in 1987 ‘In the Street Chalk Drawings and Messages, New York city 1938 – 1948.

1938 – 1939, Levitt associated herself with Walker Evans and in 1939 The Museum of Modern Art in New York City exhibited some of her work.  In 1943 Levitt’s work was exclusively exhibited by the curator Nancy Newhall entitled Helen Levitt: Photographs of Children.  Her next major show was in the 1960’s.

In the Late 40’s Levitt made two documentary films with Janice Loeb and James Agee, ‘James Agee: In the Street’ and ‘The Quiet One’.  Loeb and Levitt were nominated for an Academy Award for the screen play for ‘The Quiet One’.  Levitt went on to do more films.

In 1959 – 1960 Levitt received two Guggenheim Foundation grants to take colour photographs on the streets of New York and they were published in a book ‘The Way of Seeing’  However, much of her colour work of the 1960’s were stolen in a burglary of her apartment.