I have just finished reading this book that I began in November!
Tagg looks at how photography has been influenced and how it has influenced history in Europe and North America by examining historical records in the UK and Europe and USA. Taking examples of photographs taken in the 19th century for recording likeness’ of prisoners, photos of slums such as in Leeds that were used to push to challenge the Local Authorities and fight for improved living conditions for the poor. Images taken in the early part of the 20th century to document the results of economic rescission in the rural community of the USA. Tagg analyses both images and back the ground events to produce a strong argument for his book and often makes reference to a French philosopher, Michel Foucault, that who I should perhaps find more about and how his ideas may help in my creativity.
An interesting book, a little heavy and have your dictionary to hand but worth studying as his method of research is good and his idea that arguments that are not fully tested with good background research are weak and likely to be biased. I think Tagg alludes to this when referring to John Berger and Susan Sontag.
Susan Sontag, On Photography, (1979) London, Penguin, ISBN: 978-0-14-005397-5.
This book by Susan Sontag is a collection of essays discussing how photography has influenced the world since its invention and how it has played a part in the surrealist art movement in the 20th Century.
The book was first published in 1977 and although photography has moved on she spends a lot of time discussing how photography was first introduced accepted or not and how it came to be the most enduring and influential part of the surrealist movement. She also looks at how photographs are used and how they can be re-used.
Topics and points to note:
In teaching us a new visual code, photographs alter and enlarge out notion of what is worth looking at and what we have a right to observe.
Photos are a grammar and even more importantly, an ethics of seeing.
Photos give us the sense that we can hold the world in our hands.
In photographs the image is also an object.
As object they can be collected, bought & sold, cherished, thrown away, lost & found, etc, etc.
Photographs furnish evidence, they appear to provide proof when something is in doubt.
A photograph justifies, for example through use of surveillance and is a presumption of proof that something exists.
Photography has become almost as widely practiced an amusement as sex and dancing – which means that like all mass art form, photography is not practiced by people as an art. It is mainly a social rite, a defence against anxiety and a tool of power.
Photographs can abet desire and emotions of morality.
The industrialisation of photography permitted its rapid absorption into bureaucratic ways of running society…photographs became part of the general furniture of the environment – touchstones and confirmations of that reductive approach to reality which is considered realistic. Photographs were enrolled in the service of important institutions of control, notably the family and the police, as symbolic object and as pieces of information….many important documents are not valid unless they have affixed to them, a photographic-token of the citizen’s face.